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About Chandigarh


Chandigarh is recognized as one of the best-planned city in India, where architecture is known world-wide. Chandigarh is a well planned city and because of which the city is called “THE CITY BEAUTIFUL”. Chandigarh is ideally positioned along the foothills of the Shivalik range of the Himalayas in Northwest India. The neighboring districts of Chandigarh are Mohali, Patiala and Roopnagar in Punjab and Panchkula and Ambala in Haryana. The boundary of the state of Himachal Pradesh is just few minutes away from its north border.

Chandigarh is enclosed by dense Banyan and Eucalyptus cultivated area. Asoka, Cassia, Mulberry are some of the trees that flourish in the forested ecosystem. The city has forests surrounding it which sustain many animal and plant species. Deers, Sambars, Barking Deers, Parrots, Woodpeckers and Peacocks dwell in the area’s protected forests. Sukhna Lake is a home to several varieties of ducks and geese, along with migratory birds that migrate from parts of Siberia and Japan during the winter season. A parrot sanctuary is situated in the city which is a home to a variety of bird species.

Chandigarh is designed by the French architect Le Corbusier and the city is spread along an area of 56 square kilometers. Chandigarh is the first 'planned' city of India. The city has its own unique architectural style which is known for its unfinished concrete, exposed brickwork and 'brise-soleil' that replaces the conventional verandah to make sure to keep sunlight away from walls and windows.

About Chandigarh Climate:

Chandigarh is located near the foothills of the Shivalik range of the Himalayas in Northwest India. The neighboring districts are Mohali, Patiala and Roopnagar in Punjab and Panchkula and Ambala in Haryana. The boundary of Himachal Pradesh is almost minutes away from its north border.

Chandigarh is recognized for its humid subtropical climate characterize by a seasonal rhythm: very hot summers, mild winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature. In winter, frost occurs during the month of December and January. The city also receives occasional winter rains from the west.

Location: North India
Linking Roads: National Highway 21 and 22
Significance: Capital of Two States
Postal Code: 160 017 GPO
ISD Code: 91
Longitude: 760 47' 14 E
Latitude: 300 44' 14 N
Area: 114 square kms
Altitude: 304 - 365 meters above MSL
Annual Rainfall: 104.8 cm/yearly average (April 2004 to March 2005)
Monsoon: July - September
Climate: Winter (Nov-Jan) Min 4°C-14°C
Summer: (April-July) Max.37°C - 44°C
Villages: 24
Population: 9.6 Lacs (As per 2001 census)
Urban Population: 89.77% (As per 2001 census)
Literacy Rate: 81.9% (As per 2001 census)
Languages: Punjabi, Hindi, English
Best Season to visit: The best season to visit Chandigarh is during the autumn, i.e., from mid-August to November, when the weather is pleasing, that is neither too hot, nor too cold.
Air Quality: Chandigarh's ambient air quality is better than that of most other cities in the world